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Location Poland, malopolskie
Central coordinates 20o 10.00' East  49o 31.00' North
IBA criteria C6
Area 7,287 ha
Altitude 600 - 1,288m
Year of IBA assessment 2010

Ogólnopolskie Towarzystwo Ochrony Ptaków



Site description A tract of the Gorce mountains (part of the Western Beskidy range), comprising the upper part of the Kamienica river catchment and parts of other catchments. The peaks of Jaworzyna (1,288 m), Kud³oñ (1,276 m) and Mostownica (1,251 m) lie within the National Park, which is covered mainly by semi-natural subalpine forest, dominated by spruce Picea, oak Quercus and fir Abies. Mountain pasture occurs at higher elevations.

Key Biodiversity A total of 80 species have been recorded breeding.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus breeding  2005-2009  10-20 males only  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos breeding  2005-2009  1-2 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Ural Owl Strix uralensis breeding  2005-2009  20-40 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum breeding  2005-2009  25-45 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus breeding  2005-2009  15-30 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Dendrocopos leucotos breeding  2004-2009  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Picoides tridactylus breeding  2004-2009  25-40 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2009 high near favourable medium
Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution air-borne pollutants - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium

Forest Mixed woodland  900 900 100 good (> 90%) favourable
Forest Mixed woodland  1200 1200 100 good (> 90%) favourable
Forest Native coniferous woodland  4300 4300 100 good (> 90%) favourable
Grassland   300 300 100 moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Tetrao urogallus Western Capercaillie 30 30 individuals 100 not assessed
Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle 1 1 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Strix uralensis Ural Owl 15 15 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Glaucidium passerinum Eurasian Pygmy-owl 20 20 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Aegolius funereus Boreal Owl 15 15 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Picoides tridactylus 20 20 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Dendrocopos leucotos 15 15 breeding pairs 100 not assessed

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gorce - PLB120001 Birds Directive 6,825 protected area contained by site 6,825  
Gorczanski PN National Park 7,031 protected area contained by site 7,030  
Ostoja Gorczanska - PLH120018 Habitats Directive 17,998 protected area contains site 7,287  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  97%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  3%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 5%
nature conservation and research 51%
tourism/recreation 45%
agriculture 2%
not utilised 5%

Protection status National High International None7,030 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Gorczañski, 7,030 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gorce mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife