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Location Poland, kujawsko-pomorskie
Central coordinates 19o 14.00' East  52o 31.00' North
IBA criteria C1, C2, C3
Area 4,395 ha
Altitude 30 m
Year of IBA assessment 2010

Ogólnopolskie Towarzystwo Ochrony Ptaków



Site description The site covers Rakutowskie lake (c.300 ha) and the surrounding, periodically flooded sedge meadows, as well as adjoining wet riverine forest and carr. The eastern part of the site includes a wet area of the K³ótnia river with overgrown peat-workings. Rakutowskie lake is rather shallow (average 2.5 m) with a flat shore fringed by a broad belt (100-150 m) of marginal vegetation. Due to (relatively small) water-level fluctuations, the lake area can vary by up to 60-70 ha. Floating and submerged vegetation is rich and a large part of the lake bottom is covered by stonewort Chara.

Key Biodiversity More than 20,000 waterbirds use the area in winter, and notable numbers (peak daily counts exceeding 10,000 birds) stage during autumn migration, mainly Anser, Anas, Vanellus vanellus, Larus and waders Charadrii. Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (one pair), Crex crex (1-2 calling males), Acrocephalus paludicola (one singing male).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bean Goose Anser fabalis passage  2007-2008  8,000 individuals  poor  C3  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  2004-2009  1,500-3,000 individuals  good  C2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata passage  2005-2007  44 individuals  good  C1  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2010 very high near favourable medium
  Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - small-holder plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution air-borne pollutants - type unknown/unrecorded likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Forest   1200 1200 100 moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Botaurus stellaris Eurasian Bittern 4 10 males only 100 favourable
Grus grus Common Crane 750 750 individuals 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Btota Któcienskie - PLH040031 Habitats Directive 3,899 protected area overlaps with site 3,887  
Btota Rakutowskie - PLB040001 Birds Directive 4,438 protected area contains site 4,395  
Jezioro Rakutowskie Nature Reserve 414 protected area contained by site 414  
Olszyny Rakutowskie Nature Reserve 175 protected area contained by site 175  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest  22%
Grassland Humid grasslands  13%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  17%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  46%
Other   2%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 25%
fisheries/aquaculture 10%
forestry 35%
nature conservation and research 30%

Protection status National Partial International None414 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Jezioro Rakutowskie, 414 ha). 175 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Olszyny Rakutowskie, 175 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rakutowskie swamps. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife