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Location Poland, pomorskie
Central coordinates 17o 16.00' East  54o 41.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B3
Area 18,247 ha
Altitude 0 - 115m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Ogólnopolskie Towarzystwo Ochrony Ptaków



Site description The site protects a coastal landscape containing one of the largest areas of mobile sand-dunes in Europe (up to 40 m high), and three brackish coastal lakes, the largest being £ebsko (7,140 ha, 5-6 m deep) and the second largest Gardno (2,468 ha, 2-6 m deep). The lakes are surrounded by wet meadows, pastures, and forests of alder Alnus and oak Quercus, and are bordered by extensive beds of reed Phragmites and reed-mace Typha. The £upawa and £eba rivers flow in to the lakes. Some hollows between dunes are covered by pioneer plant communities and by wet heathland in various stages of development.

Key Biodiversity Breeding species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (4 pairs), Crex crex (10-15 pairs). Other notable breeding species are Bubo bubo (4 pairs) and Circus pygargus (7-10 pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bean Goose Anser fabalis passage  1995  4,500 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons passage  1995  6,500 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus winter  2000  76-115 individuals  unknown  B3  Least Concern 
Smew Mergellus albellus winter  2000  1,700 individuals  unknown  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Goosander Mergus merganser passage  1995  2,500-3,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bory Torfowe Nature Reserve 9 protected area contained by site 9  
Gardnieñskie Lêgi Nature Reserve 207 protected area contained by site 207  
Jezioro Do_gie Ma_e Nature Reserve 6 protected area contained by site 6  
Klukowe Buki Nature Reserve 76 protected area contained by site 76  
Klukowe Lêgi Nature Reserve 170 protected area contained by site 170  
Lack Nature Reserve 16 protected area contained by site 194  
Mierzeja Sarbska Nature Reserve 547 protected area contained by site 3,532  
Moroszka Bielawskiego Blota Nature Reserve 8 protected area contained by site 57  
Olszyna Lyczynska Nature Reserve 25 protected area contained by site 19  
Rowok__ Nature Reserve 512 protected area contained by site 512  
S_owiñskie B_ota Nature Reserve 201 protected area contained by site 201  
Slize Nature Reserve 44 protected area contained by site 4  
Slowinski UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 20,790 protected area contained by site 18,247  
Slowinski National Park Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 18,247 protected area overlaps with site 18,247  
Slowinski PN National Park 21,573 protected area contained by site 18,069  
Wyspa Kamienna na jeziorze Gardno Nature Reserve 5 protected area contained by site 5  
Z_arnowisko Nature Reserve 781 protected area contained by site 781  
Z_arnowskie Lêgi Nature Reserve 147 protected area contained by site 147  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Native coniferous woodland  24%
Shrubland Heathland  -
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial   9%
Coastline Salt marshes; Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 25%
forestry 10%
tourism/recreation 17%
nature conservation and research 48%

Protection status National High International High18,247 ha of IBA covered by National Park (S³owiñski, 18,247 ha). 5,920 ha of IBA covered by 15 Nature Reserves (Bielice; Bory Torfowe; Gackie Lêgi; Gardnieñskie Lêgi; Jezioro Do³gie Ma³e; Klukowe Buki; Klukowe Lêgi; Mierzeja; Moroszka; Olszyna; Rowokó³; S³owiñskie B³ota; Wyspa Kamienna na jeziorze Gardno; ¯arnowisko; ¯arnowskie Lêgi; combined area 5,920 ha). 18,247 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (S³owiñski, 18,247 ha). 18,247 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (S³owiñski, 18,247 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Slowinski National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife