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Location Sweden, Norrbotten
Central coordinates 18o 52.26' East  67o 27.17' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, B2, C1, C6
Area 281,000 ha
Altitude 368 - 1,844m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Sveriges Ornitologiska Förening

Site description An extensive, largely untouched wilderness area with a wide range of habitats dominated by wetlands, with forest to the east and mountainous territory to the west. The main wetlands comprise open marshes, shallow lakes and wet Betula forest. There are 44,000 ha of virgin Picea and Pinus forest in the drier areas.

Key Biodiversity The IBA is important for breeding wetland and forest species, including a diversity of raptors. Breeding birds include eight out of the 15 species in Europe that are restricted (when breeding) to the boreal biome. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Gallinago media (three breeding pairs). Numbers of birds given as breeding in the IBA are probably underestimates due to the size of the survey area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus breeding  1996  5 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Smew Mergellus albellus breeding  1996  5 breeding pairs  good  A3, B2  Least Concern 
Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus breeding  1996  4 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Vulnerable 
Merlin Falco columbarius breeding  1996  5-20 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus breeding  1996  1-2 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla breeding  1996  3-5 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos breeding  1996  2-6 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Circus cyaneus breeding  1996  5-15 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus breeding  1996  present  A3  Least Concern 
Great Grey Owl Strix nebulosa breeding  1996  1 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Hawk-owl Surnia ulula breeding  1996  15 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus breeding  1996  5-15 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus breeding  1996  30 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Arctic Warbler Phylloscopus borealis breeding  1996  2 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator breeding  1996  2-12 breeding pairs  medium  A3  Least Concern 
Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica breeding  present  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kaitum fjällurskog Nature Reserve 89,955 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Laponian Area World Heritage Site 933,408 protected area contains site 281,000  
Lina fjällurskog Nature Reserve 98,048 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Sjaunja Nature Reserve 281,745 is identical to site 281,000  
Sjaunja Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 188,600 protected area contained by site 188,600  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone; Wooded tundra  20%
Shrubland Heathland  10%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Tundra  10%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  60%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 5%
hunting 100%
military 100%
nature conservation and research 100%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National High International HighIBA overlaps with Nature Reserve (285,000 ha). 188,600 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Sjaunja, 188,600 ha). 208,000 ha of IBA covered by World Heritage Site (Lapponia, 940,000 ha). IBA overlaps with Special Protection Area (281,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sjaunja. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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