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Location Sweden, Gotland
Central coordinates 18o 48.00' East  58o 21.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C2, C3, C6
Area 150,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 32m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Sveriges Ornitologiska Förening



Site description The site comprises four main areas: Faludden (57°00'N 18°22'E˜1,810 ha), Grötlingboholme (57°07'N 18°30'E˜1,050 ha), Lausholmar (57°18'N 18°45'E˜540 ha) and Skenholmen (57°48'N 19°03'E˜700 ha). All four are situated on the eastern coast of Gotland and consist of very low-lying peninsulas and/or islands with a gravel-covered limestone foundation. Essentially treeless and covered mainly by short grassy vegetation used for grazing livestock. Lausholmar is used for military target practice outside of the breeding season.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis breeding  2,600 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis passage  60,000 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus passage  1,000 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula winter  1999  4,050-10,290 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Greater Scaup Aythya marila winter  1999  70-4,520 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Eider Somateria mollissima breeding  10,000 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis winter  1993  164,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Vulnerable 
Smew Mergellus albellus winter  1999  1-460 individuals  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  450 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, B3, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula breeding  1,000 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres breeding  500 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia breeding  20 breeding pairs  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  250 breeding pairs  B1i, B2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ålarve Nature Reserve 175 protected area overlaps with site 30  
Ålarve - SE0340114 Birds Directive 175 protected area overlaps with site 143  
Asunden Nature Reserve 8 protected area contained by site 8  
Asunden - SE0340154 Birds Directive 94 protected area contained by site 94  
Austerrum - SE0340161 Birds Directive 350 protected area overlaps with site 263  
Austre - SE0340169 Habitats Directive 13 protected area overlaps with site 12  
Bungenäs - SE0340158 Habitats Directive 41 protected area overlaps with site 13  
Coastal areas of eastern Gotland island Baltic Sea Protected Area (Helcom) 60,285 protected area overlaps with site 4,196  
Danbo Nature Reserve 57 protected area contained by site 41  
Danbo - SE0340038 Habitats Directive 42 protected area overlaps with site 37  
Faludden Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 292 protected area overlaps with site 150  
Faludden - SE0340099 Birds Directive 227 protected area overlaps with site 140  
Flisviken - SE0340162 Birds Directive 199 protected area overlaps with site 148  
Folhammar Nature Reserve 76 protected area contained by site 76  
Furilden Bird Sanctuary 280 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Furilden Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 63 protected area contained by site 66  
Furilden - SE0340073 Habitats Directive 63 protected area contained by site 63  
Gotland, east coast Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 4,900 protected area overlaps with site 4,220  
Gotlandskusten Nature Conservation Area 10,802 protected area overlaps with site 5,000  
Gotska Sandön-Salvorev - SE0340097 Habitats Directive 60,495 protected area overlaps with site 4,196  
Grogarnsberget - SE0340152 Habitats Directive 233 protected area overlaps with site 22  
Grötlingboholme Nature Reserve 220 protected area overlaps with site 100  
Grötlingboudd-Ytterholmen - SE0340098 Birds Directive 535 protected area contained by site 535  
Heligholmen Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 12 protected area contained by site 12  
Heligholmen - SE0340121 Birds Directive 12 protected area contained by site 12  
Hideviken Nature Reserve 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Hörsne prästänge Nature Reserve 10 protected area contained by site 415  
Hummelbosholm Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 250 protected area contained by site 250  
Hummelbosholm - SE0340016 Birds Directive 234 protected area contained by site 234  
Husken Nature Reserve 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Langhammars Nature Reserve 478 protected area contained by site 478  
Langhammars - SE0340094 Birds Directive 479 protected area overlaps with site 64  
Laus holmar Nature Reserve 492 protected area contained by site 520  
Laus holmar - SE0340021 Birds Directive 528 protected area contained by site 528  
Lausvik - SE0340167 Birds Directive 130 protected area overlaps with site 27  
Lergravsviken Nature Reserve 7 protected area contained by site 6  
Liste - SE0340156 Habitats Directive 9 protected area contained by site 9  
Lörgeudd Nature Reserve 2 protected area contained by site 2  
Mojner - SE0340113 Habitats Directive 26 protected area overlaps with site 6  
Mullvalds strandskog - SE0340133 Habitats Directive 21 protected area overlaps with site 13  
Närsholmen Nature Reserve 415 protected area contained by site 10  
Närsholmen - SE0340017 Birds Directive 415 protected area contained by site 415  
Nordermorar - SE0340192 Habitats Directive 185 protected area contained by site 185  
Norsholmen Bird Sanctuary 115 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Norsholmen Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 137 protected area contained by site 860  
Norsholmen - SE0340096 Habitats Directive 137 protected area contained by site 137  
Reveln Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 2 protected area contained by site 1  
Rone Ytterholme Nature Reserve 184 protected area contained by site 182  
Ryssnäs - SE0340155 Birds Directive 213 protected area overlaps with site 55  
S:t Olofsholm Nature Reserve 11 protected area contained by site 12  
Salvorev-Kopparstenarna Nature Reserve 56,031 protected area overlaps with site 4,000  
Sandviken Nature Reserve 23 protected area contained by site 23  
Sandviken - SE0340164 Habitats Directive 23 protected area contained by site 23  
Sigdesholm - SE0340106 Birds Directive 30 protected area contained by site 30  
Skalahauar Nature Reserve 29 protected area contained by site 30  
Skalahauar - SE0340093 Habitats Directive 29 protected area contained by site 29  
Skenholmen Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 256 protected area contained by site 255  
Skenholmen - SE0340127 Birds Directive 256 protected area contained by site 256  
Södra Grötlingboudd - SE0340105 Birds Directive 116 protected area overlaps with site 89  
Storholmen i Fardumeträsk - SE0340119 Habitats Directive 15 protected area contained by site 15  
Storsund Nature Reserve 118 protected area contained by site 116  
Storsund - SE0340057 Habitats Directive 118 protected area contained by site 118  
Ugnen Bird Sanctuary 280 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Ullahau Nature Reserve 144 protected area contained by site 144  
Ullahau - SE0340092 Habitats Directive 144 protected area contained by site 144  
Vastergarus utholme Bird Sanctuary 52 protected area overlaps with site 0  
Ytterholmen Nature Reserve 38 protected area contained by site 38  
Yttre Stockviken - SE0340104 Birds Directive 120 protected area overlaps with site 77  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   minor
Coastline Shingle & stony beaches  -
Sea Open Sea; Sea inlets and coastal features  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
military -

Protection status National Partial International HighIBA overlaps with Bird Sanctuary (Furilden, 280 ha). IBA overlaps with Bird Sanctuary (Norsholmen, 115 ha). IBA overlaps with Bird Sanctuary (Ugnen, 280 ha). IBA overlaps with Bird Sanctuary (Vastergarus utholme, 52 ha). IBA overlaps with Nature Reserve (Grotlingboholme, 285 ha). IBA overlaps with Nature Reserve (Lans holmar, 580 ha). IBA overlaps with Nature Reserve (Rone Ytterholme, 228 ha). 4,100 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Gotland, east coast, 4,220 ha). IBA overlaps with Special Protection Area.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Coastal areas of eastern Gotland island. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife