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Location Sweden, Kalmar
Central coordinates 16o 43.93' East  56o 39.50' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 30,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Sveriges Ornitologiska Förening

Site description öland is a long, narrow island close to the south-east coast of mainland Sweden. These three distinct sites are located on the low-lying east coast of öland along a major migration route for birds moving to/from north-east Scandinavia and north-west Russia. The main habitat consists of grazed coastal meadows with marshy areas and scrub. The shores comprise sand beaches or low chalk cliffs and the shallow offshore waters contain many sandbanks. Apart from grazing, arable farming is the only significant land-use.

Key Biodiversity The coastal meadows support a rich breeding bird fauna, and are used by thousands of wildfowl and waders as a stop-over site whilst on passage. The passerine migration is also of great importance.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis breeding  1997  400-500 breeding pairs  C2  Least Concern 
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis passage  1997  4,000-6,000 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla breeding  1997  4-5 breeding pairs  A1, B2, C1, C6  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  1988  250-300 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, B3, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Redshank Tringa totanus breeding  1988  800 breeding pairs  B1i, B2, C3  Least Concern 
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia breeding  1996  20 breeding pairs  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Little Tern Sternula albifrons breeding  1988  50 breeding pairs  B2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Greda vik Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 47 protected area contained by site 52  
Högby hamn Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 86 protected area contained by site 93  
Kåreholm och Kartarna Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 34 protected area contained by site 35  
Marsjö sjömarker Nature Reserve 141 protected area contained by site 141  
Öland, eastern coastal areas Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 8,460 protected area contained by site 8,460  
Östra Vässbys sjömarker Nature Reserve 218 protected area contained by site 218  
Sillgrund Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 30 protected area contained by site 29  
Sodviken Bird Sanctuary 310 protected area contained by site 310  
Södviken Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 138 protected area contained by site 297  
Södviks sjömarker Nature Reserve 79 protected area overlaps with site 58  
Stora Oren Bird Sanctuary 130 protected area contained by site 130  
Stora ören Wildlife and Plant Sanctuary 132 protected area contained by site 130  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   -
Grassland   -
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches; Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -
Sea Open Sea; Sea inlets and coastal features  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -

Protection status National Low International Partial 310 ha of IBA covered by Bird Sanctuary (Sodviken, 310 ha). 130 ha of IBA covered by Bird Santuary (Stora Oren, 130 ha). 8,460 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (öland, eastern coastal areas, 8,460 ha). IBA overlaps with Special Protection Area.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Coastal areas of eastern Öland island. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife