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Location Moldova, Cahul
Central coordinates 28o 8.00' East  45o 42.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2, B3
Area 19,152 ha
Altitude 4 - 11m
Year of IBA assessment 2000





Site description A wetland in the Prut valley, situated 150 km south-west of Chi°inãu and extending from the town of Cahul to the village of Slobozia Mare. The site includes several flood-plain lakes fed by freshwater springs, natural wet meadows and patches of shrub-dominated woodland. Fish-farming is a major land-use with over 2,000 ha of ponds supporting intensive carp Cyprinus production. Mineral springs in the area are used recreationally.

Key Biodiversity A1/B2/B3 criteria have been assigned at the site level as many globally threatened species and SPECs are present, but detailed population estimates are unknown. B1i has also been assigned, as the IBA is known to be an important stop-over site for passage wildfowl and waders. Nine globally threatened species occur: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (breeding), Pelecanus crispus (non-breeding), Anser erythropus (passage), Branta ruficollis (passage), Aythya nyroca (resident), Haliaeetus albicilla (passage), Aquila clanga (passage), Crex crex (passage) and Gallinago media (passage). Approximately 70 species breed, and c.50 species of waterbirds stop over on spring and autumn migration.

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed negligible
unset
Unknown

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - soil erosion, sedimentation happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Some of site covered (10-49%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lower Prut Lakes Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 19,152 protected area overlaps with site 19,152  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest  15%
Grassland Humid grasslands  14%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  60%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  9%
Unknown   2%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 8%
fisheries/aquaculture 24%
forestry 15%
nature conservation and research 26%
not utilised 27%
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National Partial International NoneIBA includes the reservation `Prutul de Jos' (1,691 ha) and surrounding buffer-zone (1.5 km wide).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Manta flood-plain-Beleu. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014

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