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Location Yemen, 'Adan
Central coordinates 53o 9.00' East  12o 8.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4ii, B1ii, B2
Area 5,600 ha
Altitude 0 - 780m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description Jazirat Darsa (12°07'N 53°18'E, 1,640 ha) and Jazirat Semha (12°10'N 53°02'E, 3,980 ha) are two rather inaccessible islands, referred to as Al-Ikhwan (The Brothers), lying to the south-west of Socotra in the Gulf of Aden. Both are c.10-15 km long, rather flat-topped and sheer-sided.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Jouanin's Petrel Bulweria fallax non-breeding  1993  common  A1, A4ii, B1ii, B2  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Socotra Archipelago World Heritage Site 410,460 protected area contains site 5,600  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   major
Coastline   minor
Shrubland   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture minor
rangeland/pastureland major

Other biodiversity Flora: the important Socotran endemic species Dendrosicyos socotranus and Euphorbia arbuscula occur at the base of the escarpment on Jazirat Semha, indicating a potentially rich flora.

Acknowledgements Data-sheets compiled by Francine Stone (assisted by Dr A. Miller and Dr M. Morris) and M. I. Evans.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Al-Ikhwan. Downloaded from on 24/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife