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Location Yemen, 'Adan
Central coordinates 54o 5.00' East  12o 32.00' North
IBA criteria A3, B3
Area 200 ha
Altitude 50 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description Deep wadis with abundant water, protected by the Hajhir mountains to the north, at 50-100 m.

Key Biodiversity No information: not yet surveyed. It is said by local people that certain birds come here to shelter from the monsoon winds.

Non-bird biodiversity: No information.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Forbes-Watson's Swift Apus berliozi resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Socotra Warbler Incana incana resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Socotra Starling Onychognathus frater resident  1993  present  A3, B3  Least Concern 
Socotra Sunbird Nectarinia balfouri resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rhynchostruthus socotranus resident  1993  present  A3  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2013 low not assessed negligible

No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Socotra Archipelago World Heritage Site 410,460 protected area contains site 200  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   minor
Shrubland   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major
agriculture minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Francine Stone, assisted by Dr A. Miller and Dr M. Morris.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Firjih/Central Socotra. Downloaded from on 02/12/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife