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Location Yemen, 'Adan
Central coordinates 54o 9.75' East  12o 34.90' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, B2
Area 300 ha
Altitude 300 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description Barren, rocky limestone hills (c.500 m) in northern Socotra.

Key Biodiversity See table for key species. There is also a good density of Anthus similis sokotrae and Emberiza tahapisi insularis.

Non-bird biodiversity: Reptiles: Pristurus sokotranus and Mabuya socotrana (both endemics).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Socotra Bunting Emberiza socotrana resident  1993  present  A1, A2, B2  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium not assessed negligible

Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Socotra Archipelago World Heritage Site 410,460 protected area contains site 300  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   minor
Shrubland   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Francine Stone, assisted by Dr A. Miller and Dr M. Morris.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Rookib hills, Socotra. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife