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Location Yemen, 'Adan
Central coordinates 54o 9.00' East  12o 37.00' North
IBA criteria A2, B3
Area 2,200 ha
Altitude 50 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description Open, stony, limestone foothills (50-100 m) in northern Socotra.

Key Biodiversity See table for key species. There are also good populations of Anthus similis sokotrae, Lanius excubitor uncinatus and Onychognathus blythii.

Non-bird biodiversity: Reptiles: Pristurus socotranus, Mabuya socotranus, Coluber socotrae.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Socotra Starling Onychognathus frater resident  1993  uncommon  A2  Least Concern 
Socotra Sunbird Nectarinia balfouri resident  1993  common  A2, B3  Least Concern 
Passer motitensis resident  1993  common  B3  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2013 low not assessed negligible

No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Socotra Archipelago World Heritage Site 410,460 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Francine Stone, assisted by Dr A. Miller and Dr M. Morris.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Shidahah, Socotra. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife