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Location Yemen, 'Adan
Central coordinates 53o 29.00' East  12o 38.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, B2, B3
Area 2,500 ha
Altitude 550 - 700m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Summary Included in Evans (1994), but not surveyed. (Inclusion in Evans was based on its IBA potential based on habitat and richness for endemic plants). Surveyed 2000 – 2006.

Key Biodiversity One of the most important sites on Socotra for bird biodiversity.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis non-breeding  1993  present  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
Socotra Bunting Emberiza socotrana non-breeding  1964  present  A2, B3  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2013 low not assessed negligible

No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Socotra Archipelago World Heritage Site 410,460 protected area contains site 10,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   major
Rocky areas   minor
Coastline   minor
Sea   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major
other minor
Notes: harvesting of seabird eggs/young

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jabal Ma'alah / Ma'alah Plateau, Socotra. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife