email a friend
printable version
Location Yemen, Lahij
Central coordinates 43o 52.00' East  12o 41.00' North
IBA criteria B2
Area 25,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description Extensive area of gravel plain to the east of Bab al-Mandab, stretching from the coast to foothills, and at least from al-Hajaf to beyond Bir Ras al-Ara.

Key Biodiversity See table for key species. Breeding species in good numbers include Pterocles lichtensteinii, P. exustus, Alaemon alaudipes, and especially Lanius excubitor which occurs here probably at a higher density than anywhere else in the country. The site's good cover of vegetation and closeness to the Bab al-Mandab make it a very important stop-over point for migrants.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: unidentified Gazella (rare) are reported to occur in the area. Reptiles: Pristurus ornithocephalus (endemic), P. crucifer (endemic), P. flavipunctatus (endemic), Varanus griseus (rare).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs resident  1993  1 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium not assessed negligible

Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Savanna   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major
forestry minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Chris Bradshaw and R. F. Porter.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Hiswat al-Hugayma. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife