|Central coordinates||43o 52.00' East 12o 41.00' North|
|Altitude||0 - 100m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description Extensive area of gravel plain to the east of Bab al-Mandab, stretching from the coast to foothills, and at least from al-Hajaf to beyond Bir Ras al-Ara.
Key Biodiversity See table for key species. Breeding species in good numbers include Pterocles lichtensteinii, P. exustus, Alaemon alaudipes, and especially Lanius excubitor which occurs here probably at a higher density than anywhere else in the country. The site's good cover of vegetation and closeness to the Bab al-Mandab make it a very important stop-over point for migrants.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: unidentified Gazella (rare) are reported to occur in the area. Reptiles: Pristurus ornithocephalus (endemic), P. crucifer (endemic), P. flavipunctatus (endemic), Varanus griseus (rare).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs||resident||1993||1 breeding pairs||poor||B2||Near Threatened|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||likely in short term (within 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Not assessed||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Chris Bradshaw and R. F. Porter.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Hiswat al-Hugayma. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/02/2016
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