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Location Yemen, Shabwah
Central coordinates 48o 23.30' East  13o 55.90' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Area 300 ha
Altitude 0 - 30m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Summary Islands off Bir Ali includes: (Halaniyah, Sikha, Barraqah and Ghadarayn). Visited by Jennings et al in 2002. Site description: Evans (1994) and in more detail in Jennings (2003) Phoenix 19

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis breeding  1955  present  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis non-breeding  1993  2,000 individuals  poor  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Vulnerable 
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii resident  1955  present  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed negligible

Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   minor
Coastline   minor
Desert   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
other major
Notes: guano extraction

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Islands off Bir Ali. Downloaded from on 29/10/2016

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