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Location Yemen, Lahij,Ta'izz
Central coordinates 43o 35.00' East  12o 54.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4iv, B1ii, B1iv, B2
Area 5,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description An area centred on the rocky promontory that juts into the Bab al-Mandab straits, towards Djibouti, at the south-west extremity of Yemen.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Puffinus lherminieri winter  1993  250-999 individuals  poor  B1ii, B2  Not Recognised 
White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus breeding  1993  unknown  B2  Near Threatened 
White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus passage  1993  45 individuals  poor  A1, B2  Near Threatened 
Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Sparrow-lark Eremopterix nigriceps resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Arabian Babbler Turdoides squamiceps resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blackstart Cercomela melanura resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
House Bunting Emberiza striolata resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1987  246,000 individuals  good  A4iv, B1iv   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   major
Shrubland   major
Coastline   minor
Sea   minor
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland minor
fisheries/aquaculture minor
military major

Other biodiversity Mammals: Gazella sp. (globally threatened). Reptiles: Chelonia mydas (E) occurs offshore, and the beach 5 km east of Al-Suqayya may be a nesting locality; Eretmochelys imbricata (E) is reported to nest on Perim.

Acknowledgements Data-sheets compiled by Chris Bradshaw, R. F. Porter, M. I. Evans.

References Welch and Welch (1988).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bab al-Mandab - Mawza. Downloaded from on 29/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife