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Location Yemen, Ta'izz
Central coordinates 43o 38.00' East  13o 22.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1iv, B2, B3
Area 100,000 ha
Altitude 200 - 500m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Summary Not visited since Evans (1994).

Key Biodiversity An important bottle-neck, with raptors passing over the low hills in the site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  1979  250-999 individuals  poor  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus passage  1985  76-200 individuals  poor  B2  Endangered 
Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus non-breeding  1985  uncommon  B2  Near Threatened 
Arabian Warbler Sylvia leucomelaena resident  1985  present  B3  Least Concern 
Menetries's Warbler Sylvia mystacea winter  1985  present  B3  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1979-1985  15,000 individuals  poor  B1iv   

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed negligible

Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   major
Artificial - terrestrial   minor
Wetlands (inland)   minor
Desert   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major
agriculture minor

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mafraq al-Mukha. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife