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Location Yemen, Al Hudaydah
Central coordinates 42o 47.50' East  13o 51.60' North
IBA criteria B1ii, B2, B3
Area 28,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 645m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description A group of bare, steep, volcanic islands lying to the east of the central Red Sea rift. There are two major islands, Jabal al-Zuqar (14°00'N 42°45'E, 9,600 ha, rising to over 500 m) and Hanish al-Kabir (13°45'N 42°45'E, 11,640 ha, rising to 645 m), two much smaller islands (Hanish al-Saghir and Al-Mamalih or Suyul Hanish), and numerous associated islets (including Abu Ali).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Puffinus lherminieri winter  1975-1976  common  B1ii, B2  Not Recognised 
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster breeding  1993  200 breeding pairs  poor  B1ii  Least Concern 
White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus winter  1961  present  B2  Near Threatened 
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii non-breeding  1945  common  B3  Least Concern 
White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa non-breeding  1945  common  B3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   minor
Desert   major
Coastline   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
military minor
fisheries/aquaculture minor

Other biodiversity The marine ecosystem offshore is unusual and highly productive. Reptiles: sea-turtles (E) nest. Fish: whale shark Rhincodon typus (I).

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by M. I. Evans.

References Morris (1962), Phillips (1947).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jaza'ir al-Hanish. Downloaded from on 30/07/2014

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