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Location Turkey, Aksaray
Central coordinates 33o 31.00' East  38o 14.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Area 7,936 ha
Altitude 945 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description The area comprises a permanent freshwater lake (groundwater-fed), large expanses of marsh and rush pasture, two salt-lakes (Akgöl and Bezirci) and a number of small satellite wetlands east of the main lake. Juncus covers most of the dry, salty soils, especially in the south. Typha and Cladium are common to the north with Phragmites being the dominant species around the main lake.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for breeding raptors and several wetland species. Significant numbers of wildfowl occur in winter. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Circus macrourus (only known Turkish breeding locality).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons winter  1993  19,400 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1996  345 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  1998  2 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Endangered 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia passage  1994  9,550 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  12 breeding pairs  A1  Least Concern 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  15 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  1993  39 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  1994  6 breeding pairs  B1i  Least Concern 
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus breeding  10 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica breeding  1998  50-70 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1993  21,327 individuals  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2015 very high very unfavourable low
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation  0 0 very poor (< 40%) very poor (< 40%) very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Esmekaya Sazligi SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 11,250 protected area contained by site 11,250  
Tuz Golu OCKB Specially Protected Area 741,440 is identical to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  2%
Other   35%
Grassland Humid grasslands  63%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
water management 20%
hunting 10%
not utilised 60%

Protection status National High International None4,500 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Eþmekaya Sazlýðý, 4,500 ha). 11,250 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Eþmekaya Sazlýðý, 11,250 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Eşmekaya Marshes. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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