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Location Turkey, Aksaray
Central coordinates 33o 31.00' East  38o 14.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Area 7,936 ha
Altitude 945 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)



Site description The area comprises a permanent freshwater lake (groundwater-fed), large expanses of marsh and rush pasture, two salt-lakes (Akgöl and Bezirci) and a number of small satellite wetlands east of the main lake. Juncus covers most of the dry, salty soils, especially in the south. Typha and Cladium are common to the north with Phragmites being the dominant species around the main lake.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons winter  1993  19,400 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1996  345 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  1998  2 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Endangered 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia passage  1994  9,550 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  12 breeding pairs  A1  Least Concern 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  15 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  1993  39 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  1994  6 breeding pairs  B1i  Least Concern 
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus breeding  10 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica breeding  1998  50-70 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1993  21,327 individuals  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Esmekaya Sazligi SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 11,250 protected area contained by site 11,250  
Tuz Golu OCKB Specially Protected Area 741,440 is identical to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  2%
Other   35%
Grassland Humid grasslands  63%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
water management 20%
hunting 10%
not utilised 60%

Protection status National High International None4,500 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Eþmekaya Sazlýðý, 4,500 ha). 11,250 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Eþmekaya Sazlýðý, 11,250 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Eşmekaya Marshes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife