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Location Yemen, Al Hudaydah
Central coordinates 42o 10.90' East  15o 2.20' North
IBA criteria A4ii, B1ii, B2, B3
Area 3,300 ha
Altitude 0 - 224m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description Rocky, volcanic islands lying near the centre of the Red Sea rift. Major islands include Jabal Zubayr, Centre Peak, 'Great Quoin', 'Little Quoin', Saba and three to four others, as well as the outlying Jabal al-Tayr to the north at 15°30'N 41°47'E.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Puffinus lherminieri non-breeding  1983  4 individuals  poor  B2  Not Recognised 
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster breeding  1993  3,000-5,000 breeding pairs  poor  A4ii, B1ii  Least Concern 
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii non-breeding  1945  common  B3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   minor
Coastline   major
Desert   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
military minor
not utilised major

Other biodiversity The marine ecosystem offshore is unusual and highly productive. Fish: whale shark Rhincodon typus (I).

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by M. I. Evans.

References Bourne (1966), Elliott (1952), Phillips (1947), Yerbury (1896).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jaza'ir al-Zubayr. Downloaded from on 24/07/2014

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