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Location Yemen, Al Hudaydah
Central coordinates 42o 10.90' East  15o 2.20' North
IBA criteria A4ii, B1ii, B2, B3
Area 3,300 ha
Altitude 0 - 224m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Summary Surveyed in 2002 – Jennings et al. Site description: Evans (1994) and in Jennings (2003) Phoenix 19. (Does not include the isolated island Jabal al Tayr (to the north east) which has never been visited by ornithologists but observers on passing ships suggest large numbers of seabirds particularly gulls and boobies, may breed. NB this island is a volcano which last erupted in 2007).

Site description The Zubair group comprises ten main islands and a couple of small rocks. All the islands are of volcanic origin, being eroded ash cones and lava. They are situated adjacent to the deep waters of the central Red Sea trench (all around the island the sea has depths of 500 m or more) and close to the Red Sea shipping lanes

Key Biodiversity The Zubair group of islands hold important breeding populations of seabirds with significant populations of notably brown booby, sooty gull, white-eyed gull and sooty falcon (c25 pairs). The islands also may be the northernmost colony of masked booby. Other wildlife: evidence of turtles nesting on several islands

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Puffinus lherminieri non-breeding  1983  4 individuals  poor  B2  Not Recognised 
Brown Booby Sula leucogaster breeding  1993  3,000-5,000 breeding pairs  poor  A4ii, B1ii  Least Concern 
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii non-breeding  1945  common  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 low not assessed negligible

Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   minor
Coastline   major
Desert   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
military minor
not utilised major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jaza'ir al-Zubayr. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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