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Location Yemen, Al Hudaydah
Central coordinates 42o 52.10' East  15o 3.10' North
IBA criteria B1i, B3
Area 1,500 ha
Altitude 0 - 10m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Summary Updates. Probably no longer qualifies as an IBA. Last surveyed in 2011.

Site description A formerly undisturbed 15-km-stretch of coast, with a wide variety of natural habitats in a small area.

Key Biodiversity See table for key species. The mangrove and doum palms support an interesting breeding avifauna, including Butorides striatus, Milvus migrans, Pandion haliaetus (1 pair), Cypsiurus parvus, Acrocephalus stentoreus (probably), A. baeticatus (probably), Ploceus rueppelli and Lonchura cantans. A very wide variety of coastal waterbirds occur on passage and in winter (a few in good numbers though there have never been any comprehensive counts) including Pelecanus rufescens (90, April) and Sterna bengalensis (300, October).

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: dolphins (probably including Tursiops) are frequent offshore; Genetta felina (rare). Reptiles: Chelonia mydas (E) is common offshore, and Dermochelys coriacea (E) has been recorded; other sea-turtle species probably also occur.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola non-breeding  1986  166 individuals  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus passage  1986  240 individuals  poor  B1i  Least Concern 
Saunders's Tern Sternula saundersi breeding  1986  10-20 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed negligible

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline   major
Desert   minor
Forest   1%
Shrubland   13%
Sea   minor
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation major
rangeland/pastureland major
fisheries/aquaculture major

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by M. I. Evans.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Al-'Urj. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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