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Location Yemen, Al Hudaydah,Al Mahwit
Central coordinates 43o 13.41' East  15o 2.22' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i, B1iv
Area 6,000 ha
Altitude 150 - 300m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Summary Al-Kadan area (Tihamah plain north of Bajil).

Site description This IBA is extended south to Bajil to include the agricultural land and the new Bajil Sewage Lagoons: four large concrete lined settlement talks in a largely agricultural area. Recently created (in last few years). Visited frequently since Evans (1994), on two occasions to search for satellite-tagged Northern Bald Ibis on migration as signals were received from the Bajil area. Last visited in 2011.

Key Biodiversity The rubbish dump at Bajil is an important feeding spot for eagles, vultures and storks. The new sewage lagoons are a resting and feeding site for Common and Demoiselle Cranes and is likely to be a site used by Northern Bald Ibis in passage (as was the case with the Taizz sewage lagoons in the 1980s).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita non-breeding  1984-1985  5-6 individuals  poor  A1, A4i  Critically Endangered 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  1985  110 individuals  poor  A1  Least Concern 
Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs resident  1985  2 breeding pairs  poor  A3  Near Threatened 
African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea resident  1985  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe resident  1985  common  A3  Least Concern 
Nile Valley Sunbird Anthreptes metallicus resident  1985  common  A3  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1985  2,570 individuals  poor  B1iv   

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed negligible

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Savanna   minor
Shrubland   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
rangeland/pastureland major

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Al-Kadan area. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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