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Location United Arab Emirates, Abu Dhabi
Central coordinates 55o 45.00' East  24o 5.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3
Area 1,600 ha
Altitude 600 - 1,300m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description An isolated massif on the UAE/Oman border, 20 km to the west of the main Hajar range. The barren, arid slopes are deeply incised by wadis full of scree. A road runs up the western flank to the summit (1,300 m), whilst the east flank is very steep. There are no rivers: all rain (mainly storms in early spring) runs off immediately. Vegetation is very sparse: Ziziphus and Acacia bushes grow on the lower flanks. Most of the mountain is inaccessible and seldom visited.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. An important site for raptors and for some Middle Eastern speciality species. Other interesting species include Aquila chrysaetos (one record, November), Hieraaetus fasciatus (recorded outside breeding season) and Falco pelegrinoides (probably breeds).

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Hemitragus jayakari (V): an isolated population formerly occurred on the mountain; there were probably less than 20 in 1980. None has been seen more recently and they are generally believed to be extinct.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi resident  1992  common  B3  Least Concern 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus non-breeding  1992  uncommon  B2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1992  4 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Endangered 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus non-breeding  1992  60-100 individuals  good  B2  Endangered 
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos breeding  1982  1 breeding pairs  good  B2  Endangered 
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha resident  1992  4 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Hume's Wheatear Oenanthe albonigra resident  1992  20 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   major
Rocky areas   minor
Shrubland   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport minor
tourism/recreation minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Colin Richardson.

References Tourney et al. (1982).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jebel Hafit. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife