|Central coordinates||32o 44.00' East 39o 6.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B1i|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Ornithological information The area is also important for wintering waterbirds. No information is available on the ornithological importance of the lake prior to drainage.
Site description A shallow freshwater lake fed mainly by surface run-off, and surrounded by grassy plains and arable land. When the water-level drops, the entire lake is gradually colonized by temporary vegetationin late summer it is practically dry. Human activities include cattle-grazing.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Great Bustard Otis tarda||breeding||1998||20-30 individuals||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta||passage||1995||616 individuals||-||B1i||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Samsam Golu||SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863)||830||protected area contained by site||830|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Standing freshwater||100%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Management considerations The IBA is situated on a route frequently used by low-flying military jets, which can cause considerable disturbance to birds. It is over 25 years since the lake was partly drainedthe soils created are still largely saline and not utilized by farmers, and it is unclear whether they will ever be of sufficient quality to justify the drainage scheme. Restoration would be technically feasible.
Protection status National High International None830 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Samsam Gölü, 830 ha).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Samsam Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/05/2013
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