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Location Syria, Rif Dimashq
Central coordinates 37o 22.00' East  33o 18.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B2, B3
Area 40,000 ha
Altitude 600 - 975m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Syrian Society for the Conservation of Wildlife (Affiliate)



Site description A huge, extinct volcanic crater, the largest of many within a huge basalt lava field which covers much of southern Syria and northern Jordan. Jabal Sis (Sies) lies near the eastern edge of the basalt, 100 km east-south-east of Damascus and 55 km south of the main road running east from Damascus to Iraq. The volcano rises about 100 m above the surrounding plain. Spring rain lies in small lakes and pools in scattered pans of impermeable clay, and there is a rain-fed lake at the foot of Jabal Sis itself. Vegetation is sparse. The terrain is impassable to vehicles except along tracks, of which there are few. Nomadic pastoralists graze large flocks in the area in spring and early summer.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos non-breeding  1968  1 individuals  poor  B2  Vulnerable 
Chlamydotis undulata breeding  1976  1 mature individuals  poor  B2  Not Recognised 
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii breeding  1993  100 individuals  poor  A4i  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major
hunting minor

Other biodiversity No information.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by M. I. Evans.

References Macfarlane (1978).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jabal Sis . Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/09/2014

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