|Location||Syria, Rif Dimashq|
|Central coordinates||36o 4.00' East 33o 34.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3, B2, B3|
|Altitude||1,175 - 1,500m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description The main Damascus–Beirut road runs through Wadi al-Qarn (Karn) which runs south-east from the frontier post at Jdeideh (1,275 m). The area of interest in this wadi is the steep hillside above the road on the northern side of the wadi, along the last 1–2 km at the north-west end just before the valley opens out to the area of the frontier post, and includes the small Zarzer reservoir at the lower end (1,175 m) of the wadi 6 km from Jdeideh. The upper reaches are vertical cliffs, below which are rocky slopes with grass, scrub and stunted trees. The area is used for recreation in summer, and people fish at the reservoir. Burqush is an upland site on the slopes of Jabal al-Shaykh (Mount Hermon), 10 km north-west of Qatana, with similar habitat.
The area is very close to the steep mountains of Maloula, where there are Christian monasteries.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Other proven or probable breeding species include Circaetus gallicus, Buteo rufinus, Bubo bubo, Lullula arborea, Eremophila alpestris, Phoenicurus ochruros, Monticola solitarius, Sylvia conspicillata, S. hortensis, Parus lugubris, Sitta neumayer and Emberiza caesia. In winter the reservoir often holds small numbers of waders and occasionally ducks.
Non-bird biodiversity: No information.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus||non-breeding||1993||9-10 individuals||poor||B2||Least Concern|
|Sombre Tit Parus lugubris||resident||1993||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Upcher's Warbler Hippolais languida||breeding||1993||unknown||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Menetries's Warbler Sylvia mystacea||breeding||1993||unknown||-||B3||Least Concern|
|White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis||breeding||1993||frequent||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii||breeding||1993||unknown||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Pale Rock Sparrow Petronia brachydactyla||breeding||1993||unknown||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus||breeding||1993||frequent||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|2014||very high||not assessed||low|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Transportation and service corridors||roads and railroads||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)||No management planning has taken place||Very little or no conservation action taking place||low|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by M. I. Evans.
References Macfarlane (1978).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Wadi al-Qarn - Burqush. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2015
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