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Location Syria, Rif Dimashq
Central coordinates 36o 4.00' East  33o 34.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Area 4,500 ha
Altitude 1,175 - 1,500m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Syrian Society for the Conservation of Wildlife (Affiliate)

Site description The main Damascus–Beirut road runs through Wadi al-Qarn (Karn) which runs south-east from the frontier post at Jdeideh (1,275 m). The area of interest in this wadi is the steep hillside above the road on the northern side of the wadi, along the last 1–2 km at the north-west end just before the valley opens out to the area of the frontier post, and includes the small Zarzer reservoir at the lower end (1,175 m) of the wadi 6 km from Jdeideh. The upper reaches are vertical cliffs, below which are rocky slopes with grass, scrub and stunted trees. The area is used for recreation in summer, and people fish at the reservoir. Burqush is an upland site on the slopes of Jabal al-Shaykh (Mount Hermon), 10 km north-west of Qatana, with similar habitat. The area is very close to the steep mountains of Maloula, where there are Christian monasteries.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus non-breeding  1993  9-10 individuals  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Sombre Tit Parus lugubris resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Upcher's Warbler Hippolais languida breeding  1993  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Menetries's Warbler Sylvia mystacea breeding  1993  unknown  B3  Least Concern 
White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis breeding  1993  frequent  A3  Least Concern 
Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii breeding  1993  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Pale Rock Sparrow Petronia brachydactyla breeding  1993  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus breeding  1993  frequent  A1, A2  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   major
Shrubland   major
Rocky areas   minor
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation minor
rangeland/pastureland major
hunting minor

Other biodiversity No information.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by M. I. Evans.

References Macfarlane (1978).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Wadi al-Qarn - Burqush. Downloaded from on 30/09/2014

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