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Location Syria, Rif Dimashq
Central coordinates 36o 7.00' East  33o 43.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, B2, B3
Area 10,000 ha
Altitude 1,500 - 2,462m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Syrian Society for the Conservation of Wildlife (Affiliate)

Site description An upland area at the southern end of the Jibal al-Sharqi (Anti-Lebanon) range, 50 km by road from Damascus, and centred on Abu Zad, a small village with small orchards and very small fields lying at 1,500 m above the resort village of Bludan. The nearby village of Halbun is at 1,700 m. To the west, vertical cliffs fall to Zabadani far below, and mountains to the north-east rise steeply to 2,462 m within c.10 km. The land above the village is open, with sparse grassland, scattered scrub and bare rock, and is snow-covered in winter.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1982  frequent  B2  Endangered 
Upcher's Warbler Hippolais languida breeding  1993  common  B3  Least Concern 
Menetries's Warbler Sylvia mystacea breeding  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis breeding  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii breeding  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Pale Rock Sparrow Petronia brachydactyla breeding  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus breeding  1993  uncommon  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Rhodopechys sanguineus resident  1993  present  B3  Not Recognised 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   major
Shrubland   minor
Rocky areas   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport minor
rangeland/pastureland major
hunting minor
tourism/recreation minor

Other biodiversity No information.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by M. I. Evans.

References Baumgart and Kasparek (1992), Macfarlane (1978).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Abu Zad. Downloaded from on 26/10/2014

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