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Location Syria, Rif Dimashq
Central coordinates 36o 7.00' East  33o 43.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, B2, B3
Area 10,000 ha
Altitude 1,500 - 2,462m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Syrian Society for the Conservation of Wildlife (Affiliate)

Site description An upland area at the southern end of the Jibal al-Sharqi (Anti-Lebanon) range, 50 km by road from Damascus, and centred on Abu Zad, a small village with small orchards and very small fields lying at 1,500 m above the resort village of Bludan. The nearby village of Halbun is at 1,700 m. To the west, vertical cliffs fall to Zabadani far below, and mountains to the north-east rise steeply to 2,462 m within c.10 km. The land above the village is open, with sparse grassland, scattered scrub and bare rock, and is snow-covered in winter.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1982  frequent [units unknown]  B2  Endangered 
Upcher's Warbler Hippolais languida breeding  1993  common [units unknown]  B3  Least Concern 
Menetries's Warbler Sylvia mystacea breeding  1993  present [units unknown]  B3  Least Concern 
White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis breeding  1993  present [units unknown]  B3  Least Concern 
Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii breeding  1993  present [units unknown]  B3  Least Concern 
Pale Rock Sparrow Petronia brachydactyla breeding  1993  present [units unknown]  B3  Least Concern 
Syrian Serin Serinus syriacus breeding  1993  uncommon [units unknown]  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Rhodopechys sanguineus resident  1993  present [units unknown]  B3  Not Recognised 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   major
Shrubland   minor
Rocky areas   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport minor
rangeland/pastureland major
hunting minor
tourism/recreation minor

Other biodiversity No information.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by M. I. Evans.

References Baumgart and Kasparek (1992), Macfarlane (1978).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Abu Zad. Downloaded from on 17/04/2014

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