|Central coordinates||37o 35.00' East 34o 55.00' North|
|IBA criteria||B2, B3|
|Altitude||900 - 1,105m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description An isolated mountain (up to 1,105 m) lying c.70 km north-west of Tadmur (Palmyra). The landscape is eroded and the scant vegetation includes scattered trees/bushes of Pistacia, Prunus and Rhamnus, and shrubs of Artemisia, Atriplex, Salsola and Anabasis. There is some unspecified waterfowl habitat, presumably caused by winter flooding of depressions.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Other breeding species include Buteo rufinus and Pterocles alchata, and wintering waterfowl include c.500 Anser albifrons and c.400 ducks.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V) and Gazella subgutturosa (rare). Flora: many endemics are confined to the isolated mountains in the Syrian Desert.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi||resident||1993||present||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus||resident||1993||present||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus||resident||1993||present||-||B2||Endangered|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species||direct mortality of trigger species - hunting and trapping||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)||No management planning has taken place||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||low|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Data-sheets compiled by: Dr Ibrahim Hanna and Dr Amer Majid Agha (translated by S. Zaiane); Dr Marco Masseti.
References Ketene (1991).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jabal al-Bilas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2014
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