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Location Syria, Hims
Central coordinates 37o 35.00' East  34o 55.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3
Area 40,000 ha
Altitude 900 - 1,105m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Syrian Society for the Conservation of Wildlife (Affiliate)

Site description An isolated mountain (up to 1,105 m) lying c.70 km north-west of Tadmur (Palmyra). The landscape is eroded and the scant vegetation includes scattered trees/bushes of Pistacia, Prunus and Rhamnus, and shrubs of Artemisia, Atriplex, Salsola and Anabasis. There is some unspecified waterfowl habitat, presumably caused by winter flooding of depressions.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Other breeding species include Buteo rufinus and Pterocles alchata, and wintering waterfowl include c.500 Anser albifrons and c.400 ducks.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V) and Gazella subgutturosa (rare). Flora: many endemics are confined to the isolated mountains in the Syrian Desert.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus resident  1993  present  B2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus resident  1993  present  B2  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2014 high not assessed low

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management planning has taken place  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   major
Shrubland   minor
Desert   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major
hunting -

Acknowledgements Data-sheets compiled by: Dr Ibrahim Hanna and Dr Amer Majid Agha (translated by S. Zaiane); Dr Marco Masseti.

References Ketene (1991).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jabal al-Bilas. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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