|Central coordinates||35o 51.00' East 35o 48.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A3, B2|
|Altitude||0 - 420m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description A 12-km stretch of mainly rocky coast c.30 km north-north-east of Al-Ladhiqiyah (Lattakia) on the road to Al-Basit, extending north from the sheer limestone cliffs of Jabal Tarnajah (Ras al-Janzir) to the rocky headland of Ras al-Basit. There are 2 km of sand beach with seagrass beds offshore, and the 10-km-deep hinterland comprises well-wooded hills and narrow river valleys and plains. The area itself is also well-wooded, with coastal slopes covered in garigue, and there are a number of small, dammed lakes, including Ballouran Dam (25 ha). About 2,000 people live in and around Umm al-Tuyyur village, which is surrounded by a cultivated plain. Some fishing occurs offshore.
Key Biodiversity Breeding species include Tachybaptus ruficollis (less than 10 pairs), Pernis apivorus (probable), Circaetus gallicus, Accipiter gentilis (probable), Buteo buteo (possibly breeding in 1980s), Falco subbuteo (possibly breeding in 1980s), Larus cachinnans (c.15–30 pairs on a small island off Ras al-Basit: the only colony in Syria), Apus affinis, Hippolais olivetorum and Emberiza cia. Falco eleonorae is a non-breeding summer visitor in small numbers (3–5, June). The area is known locally to be especially attractive to migrant birds, of unspecified type, due to the good cover of woodland.
Non-bird biodiversity: No information.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus||breeding||1982||frequent||-||B2||Endangered|
|Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum||breeding||1993||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Rueppell's Warbler Sylvia rueppelli||breeding||1993||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|2014||very high||not assessed||low|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||very high|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||very high|
|Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation||No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun||Some limited conservation initiatives are in place||low|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||minor|
|Artificial - aquatic||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by M. I. Evans.
References Baumgart (1991b), Baumgart and Kasparek (1992), Jeudy de Grissac (1989).
Contribute Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.
Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Umm al-Tuyyur. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/09/2016
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife