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Location Syria, Latakia
Central coordinates 35o 51.00' East  35o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A3, B2
Area 12,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 420m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Syrian Society for the Conservation of Wildlife (Affiliate)

Site description A 12-km stretch of mainly rocky coast c.30 km north-north-east of Al-Ladhiqiyah (Lattakia) on the road to Al-Basit, extending north from the sheer limestone cliffs of Jabal Tarnajah (Ras al-Janzir) to the rocky headland of Ras al-Basit. There are 2 km of sand beach with seagrass beds offshore, and the 10-km-deep hinterland comprises well-wooded hills and narrow river valleys and plains. The area itself is also well-wooded, with coastal slopes covered in garigue, and there are a number of small, dammed lakes, including Ballouran Dam (25 ha). About 2,000 people live in and around Umm al-Tuyyur village, which is surrounded by a cultivated plain. Some fishing occurs offshore.

Key Biodiversity Breeding species include Tachybaptus ruficollis (less than 10 pairs), Pernis apivorus (probable), Circaetus gallicus, Accipiter gentilis (probable), Buteo buteo (possibly breeding in 1980s), Falco subbuteo (possibly breeding in 1980s), Larus cachinnans (c.15–30 pairs on a small island off Ras al-Basit: the only colony in Syria), Apus affinis, Hippolais olivetorum and Emberiza cia. Falco eleonorae is a non-breeding summer visitor in small numbers (3–5, June). The area is known locally to be especially attractive to migrant birds, of unspecified type, due to the good cover of woodland.

Non-bird biodiversity: No information.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1982  frequent  B2  Endangered 
Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum breeding  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rueppell's Warbler Sylvia rueppelli breeding  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2014 very high not assessed low

Agriculture and aquaculture marine and freshwater aquaculture - subsistence/artisinal aquaculture happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   minor
Forest   major
Sea   minor
Shrubland   major
Artificial - aquatic   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
fisheries/aquaculture minor
rangeland/pastureland major
forestry major
water management minor
hunting minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by M. I. Evans.

References Baumgart (1991b), Baumgart and Kasparek (1992), Jeudy de Grissac (1989).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Umm al-Tuyyur. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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