|Location||Syria, Al Hasakah|
|Central coordinates||41o 13.00' East 36o 23.00' North|
|Altitude||430 - 550m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description A mesotrophic, spring-fed, natural lake (its area is variously quoted as being from 50 ha to c.800 ha) together with the surrounding 'clay' desert, c.50 km east of Al-Hasakah and between the small settlements of Khatuniyah and Al-Hul (6 km from the international border). The mean depth of the lake is or was 8 m, and the vegetation includes Tamarix. The lake is used for fishing, hunting and recreation, and the surrounding area for grazing.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Other breeding species include Alectoris chukar and Pterocles alchata, and small numbers of Anser albifrons and ducks are present in winter. Passage migrants include Tachybaptus ruficollis, and large numbers of Streptopelia turtur.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Gazella subgutturosa (rare).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Saker Falcon Falco cherrug||non-breeding||1993||unknown||-||B2||Endangered|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Residential and commercial development||tourism and recreation areas||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Not assessed||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr Ibrahim Hanna and Dr Amer Majid Agha (translated by S. Zaiane).
References Luther and Rzóska (1971).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Buhayrat al-Khatuniyah. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/09/2016
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