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Location Syria, Al Hasakah
Central coordinates 40o 22.00' East  36o 25.00' North
IBA criteria B2
Area 45,000 ha
Altitude 600 - 920m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Syrian Society for the Conservation of Wildlife (Affiliate)

Site description A mountain range (up to 920 m) lying west of Al-Hasakah and running for c.50 km east–west. The southern slopes are gentle, but the northern slopes are a very steep, linear scarp with frequent cliffs. Numerous small wadis drain the slopes. The steppe vegetation includes Pistacia, Prunus and Rhamnus scrub, with extensive shrubs of Artemisia, Atriplex, Helianthemum and Teucrium. There is an extensive and ongoing afforestation project, planting Pistacia, Pinus brutia and P. halepensis

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. As well as species listed below, Pterocles alchata is a common resident.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Gazella subgutturosa (rare); Equus hemionus hemippus (V) survived in this area until the 1930s. Flora: many endemics are confined to the isolated mountains in the Syrian Desert.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus resident  1993  common  B2  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus winter  1993  unknown  B2  Near Threatened 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus breeding  1993  4 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1993  15 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2014 very high not assessed medium

Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   major
Shrubland   minor
Rocky areas   minor
Artificial - terrestrial   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry minor
rangeland/pastureland major

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr Ibrahim Hanna and Dr Amer Majid Agha (translated by S. Zaiane).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jabal Abdul Aziz. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife