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Location Turkey, Kars
Central coordinates 43o 19.00' East  40o 36.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2
Area 18,670 ha
Altitude 2,235 - 2,366m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A small wetland situated 20 km east of Kars, adjacent to the road between Kars and Digor. To the south of the road are 15 ha of open water, with a rich submerged flora (mainly Potamogeton) and a mosaic of emergent sedge-beds. The area to the north is largely seasonal. The lake lies on a vast elevated plateau, covered largely by extensively grazed steppe-grassland.

Key Biodiversity The area is important for breeding waterbirds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  15 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Endangered 
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  2-4 breeding pairs  B1i  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2006 low favourable low
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

No known threats no known threats past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Standing freshwater  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
not utilised 100%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kars Plain. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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