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Location Saudi Arabia, Jizan
Central coordinates 42o 32.70' East  16o 55.10' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Area 200 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Saudi Wildlife Commission (Affiliate)

Site description A 4-km-long by 500-m-wide stretch of muddy and mud-sand intertidal flats, from Jizan Port to the northern edge of the city. The flats, enriched by sewage outfall from Jizan city, were in the past fringed by mangrove, but all such areas have now been lost to land-claim.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. This site is a core area in a region of generally good wader habitat from Jizan south to the Yemen border. Densities are on average much higher than at neighbouring sites, due to the sewage outfalls of Jizan city. There is a peak January count of 20,053 waterbirds, though this was in 1992, an unusually cold winter, and may therefore be higher than typical; 10,000-15,000 waterbirds were present in December 1992.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia winter  1990-1992  113-188 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola winter  1990-1992  424-480 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, B3  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus winter  1990-1992  335-546 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Not Recognised 
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola winter  1990-1992  798-2,232 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus winter  1990-1992  595-1,125 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Redshank Tringa totanus winter  1990-1992  706-1,647 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica winter  1990-1992  1,276-2,740 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Near Threatened 
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris winter  1990  1 individuals  good  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Critically Endangered 
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata winter  1990-1992  205-364 individuals  good  B1i  Near Threatened 
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres winter  1990-1992  159-381 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Dunlin Calidris alpina winter  1990-1992  1,160-3,160 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica winter  1990-1992  133-294 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Not Recognised 
White-eyed Gull Larus leucophthalmus winter  1992  18 individuals  good  B2  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1990-1992  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   minor
Coastline   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture major

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by P. Symens.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jizan Bay. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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