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Location Saudi Arabia, Jizan
Central coordinates 43o 5.94' East  17o 15.48' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, B2, B3
Area 12,000 ha
Altitude 500 - 2,000m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Saudi Wildlife Commission (Affiliate)

Site description An isolated steep-sided jabal on the western side of the Asir mountains (above 500 m). The temperate summit area (c.2,000 m) is heavily built up and cultivated, with Juniperus in parts too steep for terracing, as well as various broadleaved shrubs and bushes, Ficus and a few Dracaena trees, as well as introduced Eucalyptus and Opuntia. At lower altitudes Adenium obesum and Commiphora occur. The western slopes have considerable rainfall but there is very little permanent water on the summit area and supplies for crops are brought up by bowser.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Arabian Partridge Alectoris melanocephala resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Arabian Woodpecker Dendropicos dorae resident  1993  present  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
Arabian Warbler Sylvia leucomelaena resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Arabian Waxbill Estrilda rufibarba resident  1993  present  A2, B3  Least Concern 
Olive-rumped Serin Serinus rothschildi resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Yemen Linnet Carduelis yemenensis resident  1993  present  A2, B3  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Forest   minor
Shrubland   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
urban/industrial/transport minor

Other biodiversity Mammals: the only Saudi Arabian site for several small species. Reptiles: the only Saudi Arabian site for several species, including Varanus yemenensis (endemic). Flora: the site is of very high botanical interest; features include a grove of the tree Mimusops laurifolia (rare), the largest trees in Saudi Arabia.

Acknowledgements Data-sheets compiled by P. Symens and M. C. Jennings.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jabal Fayfa. Downloaded from on 23/09/2014

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