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Location Saudi Arabia, Jizan
Central coordinates 43o 5.94' East  17o 15.48' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, B2, B3
Area 12,000 ha
Altitude 500 - 2,000m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Saudi Wildlife Commission (Affiliate)

Site description An isolated steep-sided jabal on the western side of the Asir mountains (above 500 m). The temperate summit area (c.2,000 m) is heavily built up and cultivated, with Juniperus in parts too steep for terracing, as well as various broadleaved shrubs and bushes, Ficus and a few Dracaena trees, as well as introduced Eucalyptus and Opuntia. At lower altitudes Adenium obesum and Commiphora occur. The western slopes have considerable rainfall but there is very little permanent water on the summit area and supplies for crops are brought up by bowser.

Key Biodiversity The mountain and its foothills hold c.70 breeding species. See box for key species; other breeding species include Terathopius ecaudatus, Melierax metabates, Falco pelegrinoides, Streptopelia lugens, Treron waalia, Cypsiurus parvus, Halcyon leucocephala, Merops albicollis, Coracias abyssinica, Tockus nasutus, Anthus similis, Oenanthe bottae, Monticola rufocinereus, Phylloscopus umbrovirens, Muscicapa gambagae, Anthreptes metallicus, Nectarinia habessinica, N. osea, Zosterops abyssinicus, Tchagra senegala, Cinnyricinclus leucogaster and Emberiza tahapisi.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: the only Saudi Arabian site for several small species. Reptiles: the only Saudi Arabian site for several species, including Varanus yemenensis (endemic). Flora: the site is of very high botanical interest; features include a grove of the tree Mimusops laurifolia (rare), the largest trees in Saudi Arabia.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Arabian Partridge Alectoris melanocephala resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Arabian Woodpecker Dendropicos dorae resident  1993  present  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
Arabian Warbler Sylvia leucomelaena resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Arabian Waxbill Estrilda rufibarba resident  1993  present  A2, B3  Least Concern 
Olive-rumped Serin Serinus rothschildi resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Yemen Linnet Carduelis yemenensis resident  1993  present  A2, B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed negligible

Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Forest   minor
Shrubland   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
urban/industrial/transport minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheets compiled by P. Symens and M. C. Jennings.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jabal Fayfa. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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