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Location Saudi Arabia, Jizan
Central coordinates 41o 41.70' East  17o 53.50' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B2
Area 8 ha
Altitude 0 - 100m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Saudi Wildlife Commission (Affiliate)

Site description An island lying 5 km off the coast of south-west Saudi Arabia, midway between Shuqaiq and al-Birk. It is dominated by a mound of volcanic clinker rising to 100 m; a few trees (up to 3 m high) grow on its slopes, and there is a good growth of salt-tolerant bushes along its base on the south and south-east side abutting a flat and sandy area. Offshore are rich coral reefs. There is a small 7-m-high rock outcrop 200 m to the south.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. An important breeding area for Platalea leucorodia (of the Red Sea subspecies P. l. archeri); however the site has only once been surveyed in the breeding season, in 1982. Other breeding species included Egretta gularis (9 pairs), Butorides striatus (2 pairs) and Pandion haliaetus (1 pair). Small numbers of wintering waterfowl include Pelecanus rufescens (9), Sula leucogaster (30), gulls Larus (200) and terns Sterna (200).

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia breeding  1993  60 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor breeding  1993  2 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2013 low not assessed negligible

No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   minor
Desert   major
Coastline   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
other major
Notes: About 50% of the eggs or young of Platalea leucorodia were almost certainly taken by visiting people in 1982.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by A. Stagg.

Related state of the world's birds case studies

References Stagg (1984b).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kutambil island. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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