|Location||Saudi Arabia, Jizan|
|Central coordinates||41o 41.70' East 17o 53.50' North|
|IBA criteria||A4i, B1i, B2|
|Altitude||0 - 100m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description An island lying 5 km off the coast of south-west Saudi Arabia, midway between Shuqaiq and al-Birk. It is dominated by a mound of volcanic clinker rising to 100 m; a few trees (up to 3 m high) grow on its slopes, and there is a good growth of salt-tolerant bushes along its base on the south and south-east side abutting a flat and sandy area. Offshore are rich coral reefs. There is a small 7-m-high rock outcrop 200 m to the south.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. An important breeding area for Platalea leucorodia (of the Red Sea subspecies P. l. archeri); however the site has only once been surveyed in the breeding season, in 1982. Other breeding species included Egretta gularis (9 pairs), Butorides striatus (2 pairs) and Pandion haliaetus (1 pair). Small numbers of wintering waterfowl include Pelecanus rufescens (9), Sula leucogaster (30), gulls Larus (200) and terns Sterna (200).
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia||breeding||1993||60 breeding pairs||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Sooty Falcon Falco concolor||breeding||1993||2 breeding pairs||poor||B2||Near Threatened|
|No known threats||no known threats||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Not assessed||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: About 50% of the eggs or young of Platalea leucorodia were almost certainly taken by visiting people in 1982.|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by A. Stagg.
Related state of the world's birds case studies
References Stagg (1984b).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kutambil island. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014
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