email a friend
printable version
Location Saudi Arabia, 'Asir,Makkah
Central coordinates 41o 25.50' East  18o 45.10' North
IBA criteria A3, B2, B3
Area 250,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 250m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Saudi Wildlife Commission (Affiliate)



Site description A diverse section of the hot, humid coastal Tihamah centred on Kiyad and including the Makhshush sabkhah/outwash fan and Wadi Hali and Wadi Qarnayn with their permanent pools, as well as adjacent lava fields, wooded savanna and rocky foothills. Sandy coastal areas support Salvadora bushes but more inland vegetation is dominated by Acacia tortilis, A. ehrenbergiana and A. asak trees. Sparse shrubs and herbs include Dipterygium, Heliotropium, Indigofera, Malva and Euphorbia. The whole area is very heavily grazed by domestic stock, but rains can produce a good cover of grasses Pennisetum and Panicum. There is considerable cultivation, mainly of sorghum and millet, and charcoal production is practised in the foothills.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Arabian Partridge Alectoris melanocephala resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi resident  1993  abundant  B3  Least Concern 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca winter  1993  2 individuals  good  B2  Vulnerable 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus resident  1993  uncommon  B2  Endangered 
Arabian Bustard Ardeotis arabs non-breeding  1990  5 individuals  good  B2  Near Threatened 
African Collared-dove Streptopelia roseogrisea resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus winter  1993  30 individuals  good  B3  Least Concern 
Arabian Warbler Sylvia leucomelaena resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Black Scrub-robin Cercotrichas podobe resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nile Valley Sunbird Anthreptes metallicus resident  1993  present  A3  Least Concern 
Arabian Golden Sparrow Passer euchlorus resident  1993  common  A3, B3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Savanna   major
Shrubland   minor
Wetlands (inland)   minor
Coastline   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
other minor
Notes: charcoal production
rangeland/pastureland major
forestry minor

Other biodiversity Mammals: Caracal caracal (rare), Canis lupus (V) and Gazella gazella cora (V; at Makhshush).

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by M. Shobrak.

References Rahmani and Shobrak (1992a,b), Shobrak and Rahmani (1991, 1993).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Al-Habrow al-Arabi. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife