email a friend
printable version
Location Turkey, Kars
Central coordinates 43o 27.00' East  40o 44.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Area 389 ha
Altitude 1,627 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A stream- and spring-fed freshwater lake (max. depth 13 m) situated on the high Kars-Akyaka plateau, in the centre of an open, undulating landscape. Emergent vegetation is sparse, although Phragmites does occur in more sheltered bays. Human activities include cereal production and stock-grazing. The Kar-Akyaka road bisects the north end of the lake.

Key Biodiversity The area is important for breeding waterbirds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea non-breeding  2,000-6,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  2001  5-7 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2015 medium near favourable medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kuyucuk Golu Game Reserve 219 protected area contained by site 245  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
urban/industrial/transport -

Protection status National High International None219 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Kuyucuk Gölü, 219 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kuyucuk Lake. Downloaded from on 20/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife