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Location Turkey, Kars
Central coordinates 43o 27.00' East  40o 44.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Area 389 ha
Altitude 1,627 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A stream- and spring-fed freshwater lake (max. depth 13 m) situated on the high Kars-Akyaka plateau, in the centre of an open, undulating landscape. Emergent vegetation is sparse, although Phragmites does occur in more sheltered bays. Human activities include cereal production and stock-grazing. The Kar-Akyaka road bisects the north end of the lake.

Key Biodiversity The area is important for breeding waterbirds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea non-breeding  2,000-6,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  2001  5-7 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium not assessed medium
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kuyucuk Golu Game Reserve 219 protected area contained by site 245  
Kuyucuk Golu RA Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 416 protected area contains site 389  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
urban/industrial/transport -

Protection status National High International None219 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Kuyucuk Gölü, 219 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kuyucuk Lake. Downloaded from on 12/02/2016

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