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Location Saudi Arabia, 'Asir
Central coordinates 42o 13.62' East  18o 54.48' North
IBA criteria B2, B3
Area 6,800 ha
Altitude 2,100 - 2,700m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Saudi Wildlife Commission (Affiliate)

Site description Shallal ad-Dahna lies 90 km north of Abha on the road to Taif and comprises broken granite hill country at 2,400-2,700 m covered with Juniperus and Acacia scrub. The site contains one of the very few permanent waterfalls of the country, and a pool.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. The main interest is the presence of the isolated and distinctive endemic race Pica pica asirensis (3 pairs). Other breeding species include Phylloscopus umbrovirens, Ploceus galbula and Corvus rhipidurus. Further surveys would be advantageous.

Non-bird biodiversity: The fauna is unusually rich in Palearctic relict species; vertebrate species include the shrew Crocidura russula, the snake Eirenis coronella fennelli, the toad Bufo viridis, and the frogs Rana ridibunda and Hyla savignyi.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Arabian Partridge Alectoris melanocephala resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus non-breeding  1993  rare  B2  Near Threatened 
Hume's Owl Strix butleri resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Magpie Pica pica resident  1993  3 breeding pairs  good  B3  Least Concern 
Olive-rumped Serin Serinus rothschildi resident  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed negligible

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by A. Stagg and P. Symens.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Shallal ad-Dahna. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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