|Location||Saudi Arabia, Makkah|
|Central coordinates||40o 2.30' East 20o 15.60' North|
|IBA criteria||B1i, B2, B3|
|Altitude||0 - 5m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description A shallow bay of 15 × 35 km, almost closed by a long narrow island, and containing eight other islets. It is situated at a point where the Asir mountains run close to the Red Sea. Most of the islets are surrounded by mangrove Avicennia trees and clothed with dense Salicornia, and there are seagrass beds in the bay.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. The site holds the densest population of Falco concolor in Saudi Arabia and probably in the world, and at least 50 pairs of Sterna anaethetus breed. The coastal topography concentrates migrants moving down the coast.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Dugong dugon (V). Reptiles: the sea-turtles Eretmochelys imbricata (E) and Chelonia mydas (E) breed.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Goliath Heron Ardea goliath||non-breeding||1993||rare||-||B1i, B2||Least Concern|
|Sooty Falcon Falco concolor||breeding||1993||40 breeding pairs||good||B2||Near Threatened|
|Crab-plover Dromas ardeola||non-breeding||1993||unknown||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris||non-breeding||1993||1 individuals||good||B2||Least Concern|
|2013||very high||not assessed||negligible|
|Natural system modifications||other ecosystem modifications||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Not assessed||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Traditional trapping of falcons and other birds (September-November).|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by P. Gaucher, with comments by P. Symens.
References Gaucher et al. (in press).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Qishran Bay. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2015
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