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Location Saudi Arabia, Makkah
Central coordinates 40o 2.30' East  20o 15.60' North
IBA criteria B1i, B2, B3
Area 400,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Saudi Wildlife Commission (Affiliate)

Site description A shallow bay of 15 × 35 km, almost closed by a long narrow island, and containing eight other islets. It is situated at a point where the Asir mountains run close to the Red Sea. Most of the islets are surrounded by mangrove Avicennia trees and clothed with dense Salicornia, and there are seagrass beds in the bay.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Goliath Heron Ardea goliath non-breeding  1993  rare  B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor breeding  1993  40 breeding pairs  good  B2  Near Threatened 
Crab-plover Dromas ardeola non-breeding  1993  unknown  B3  Least Concern 
Collared Kingfisher Todiramphus chloris non-breeding  1993  1 individuals  good  B2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   major
Coastline   minor
Desert   major
Forest   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
other major
Notes: Traditional trapping of falcons and other birds (September-November).

Other biodiversity Mammals: Dugong dugon (V). Reptiles: the sea-turtles Eretmochelys imbricata (E) and Chelonia mydas (E) breed.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by P. Gaucher, with comments by P. Symens.

References Gaucher et al. (in press).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Qishran Bay. Downloaded from on 23/10/2014

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