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Location Saudi Arabia, Makkah
Central coordinates 41o 11.76' East  20o 30.48' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, B2, B3
Area 42,000 ha
Altitude 1,600 - 2,604m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Saudi Wildlife Commission (Affiliate)



Site description The site lies 80 km north of al-Baha and 150 km south-east of Taif, between the Bani Saad-al-Baha escarpment road and the Taif-al-Baha road. Jabal Ibrahim (Jabal Batharah, 5,000 ha, up to 2,604 m) is a granite mountain rising c.1,000 m above the surrounding rocky hills and giving rise to several streams which provide a permanent flow for Wadi Turabah and its tributaries (west end 20°27'N 41°05'E, east end 20°37'N 41°18'E). Habitats include: bare granite domes and slabs; well-vegetated granite boulder slopes with montane woodland, including Juniperus; wadis with abundant Ficus and Ziziphus trees; and Acacia woodland.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Philby's Partridge Alectoris philbyi resident  1993  common [units unknown]  A2, A3, B3  Least Concern 
Arabian Partridge Alectoris melanocephala resident  1993  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1993  present [units unknown]  B2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus resident  1993  4 breeding pairs  good  B2  Endangered 
Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus poliocephalus resident  1993  5 breeding pairs  good  A3, B2  Least Concern 
Arabian Woodpecker Dendrocopos dorae resident  1993  5-10 breeding pairs  good  A1, A3, B2  Vulnerable 
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens resident  1993  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Arabian Warbler Sylvia leucomelaena resident  1993  present [units unknown]  B3  Least Concern 
Tristram's Starling Onychognathus tristramii resident  1993  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yemen Thrush Turdus menachensis resident  1993  present [units unknown]  A1, A2, A3, B2  Vulnerable 
Arabian Wheatear Oenanthe lugentoides resident  1993  common [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Little Rock-thrush Monticola rufocinereus resident  1993  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Arabian Waxbill Estrilda rufibarba resident  1993  present [units unknown]  A2, A3, B3  Least Concern 
Olive-rumped Serin Serinus rothschildi resident  1993  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Yemen Serin Serinus menachensis non-breeding  1993  uncommon [units unknown]  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yemen Linnet Carduelis yemenensis resident  1993  present [units unknown]  A2, A3, B3  Least Concern 
Cinereous Bunting Emberiza cineracea passage  1993  present [units unknown]  A1, B2  Near Threatened 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   minor
Rocky areas   minor
Shrubland   major
Wetlands (inland)   minor
Savanna   minor

Other biodiversity Mammals: Papio hamadryas (endemic) and several (heavily persecuted) large carnivores. Fish: Cyprinion mahalensis, Garra buettikeri and Barbus apoensis (all endemic). Flora: Jabal Ibrahim is of high botanical interest.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr Stephen F. Newton.

References Eichacker (1990), Newton and Newton (1993), Schulz et al. (undated).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Wadi Turabah and Jabal Ibrahim. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/04/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife