|Location||Saudi Arabia, Makkah|
|Central coordinates||40o 42.00' East 21o 15.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3|
|Altitude||1,400 - 1,450m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description Fairly flat, sandy/gravelly desert fringe at 1,450 m on the edge of the north-east Asir foothills, c.40 km south-east of Taif. There are a few gneiss inselbergs and dry wadis. The site is a fenced captive breeding centre, and the previously overgrazed vegetation is rapidly recovering to grassland and scrub bushland. Wadis just outside the boundary fence have many Acacia iraqensis trees and one has been dammed with some water usually present. Large semi-natural enclosures contain ungulates or are ungrazed.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Large numbers of Chlidonias leucopterus have occurred at the dam on migration (seasonal total 26,000; see box).
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Philby's Partridge Alectoris philbyi||resident||1993||present||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita||passage||1992||2-24 individuals||good||A1, B1i, B2||Critically Endangered|
|White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus||passage||1993||26,000 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Grey Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus||winter||1993||850 individuals||good||B3||Least Concern|
|Menetries's Warbler Sylvia mystacea||winter||1993||common||-||B3||Least Concern|
|White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis||passage||1993||7 individuals||good||B3||Least Concern|
|Oenanthe xanthoprymna||winter||1993||common||-||B3||Not Recognised|
|No known threats||no known threats||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Some of site covered (10-49%)||A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive||Not assessed||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|NWRC||Natural Reserve||0||protected area contained by site||650|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - aquatic||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr Stephen F. Newton.
References Newton and Newton (1993), Schulz and Schulz (1992), Symens (1989). Also monthly, quarterly and annual reports are available at the National Wildlife Research Center (Taif) and the National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development (Riyadh).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: National Wildlife Research Center and environs, Taif. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/02/2016
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