|Location||Saudi Arabia, Makkah|
|Central coordinates||40o 42.00' East 21o 15.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3|
|Altitude||1,400 - 1,450m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description Fairly flat, sandy/gravelly desert fringe at 1,450 m on the edge of the north-east Asir foothills, c.40 km south-east of Taif. There are a few gneiss inselbergs and dry wadis. The site is a fenced captive breeding centre, and the previously overgrazed vegetation is rapidly recovering to grassland and scrub bushland. Wadis just outside the boundary fence have many Acacia iraqensis trees and one has been dammed with some water usually present. Large semi-natural enclosures contain ungulates or are ungrazed.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Philby's Partridge Alectoris philbyi||resident||1993||present [units unknown]||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita||passage||1992||2-24 individuals||good||A1, B1i, B2||Critically Endangered|
|White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus||passage||1993||26,000 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Grey Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus||winter||1993||850 individuals||good||B3||Least Concern|
|Menetries's Warbler Sylvia mystacea||winter||1993||common [units unknown]||-||B3||Least Concern|
|White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis||passage||1993||7 individuals||good||B3||Least Concern|
|Red-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe chrysopygia||winter||1993||common [units unknown]||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|NWRC||Natural Reserve||0||protected area contained by site||650|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - aquatic||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Dr Stephen F. Newton.
References Newton and Newton (1993), Schulz and Schulz (1992), Symens (1989). Also monthly, quarterly and annual reports are available at the National Wildlife Research Center (Taif) and the National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development (Riyadh).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: National Wildlife Research Center and environs, Taif. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014
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