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Location Turkey, Ardahan
Central coordinates 43o 13.00' East  41o 12.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Area 2,386 ha
Altitude 1,798 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A shallow, stream-fed, soda-rich lake situated on the high plateau of the Turkish-Georgian border zone. About 1,400 of the lake's 2,700 ha lie within Turkey, and this area includes 12 uninhabited and sparsely vegetated islands. Arable fields and grazing land adjoin the lake; there are a few small reedbeds (Phragmites). Access is highly restricted for military reasons, and human disturbance is therefore minimal. Fishing is solely land-based.

Key Biodiversity One of three Turkish Pelecanus onocrotalus breeding sites and one of seven P. crispus breeding sites. Melanitta fusca is also thought to breed.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea non-breeding  1982  210-500 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus breeding  50 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus breeding  20 breeding pairs  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Vulnerable 
Armenian Gull Larus armenicus breeding  1995  700 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2012 low favourable medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Aktas Golu UOSA Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 0 unknown 0  
Aktaş Lake International Wetland Area Other Area 0 is identical to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  59%
Savanna   41%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
not utilised 100%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Aktaş Lake. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife