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Location Saudi Arabia, Tabuk
Central coordinates 35o 17.10' East  28o 42.40' North
IBA criteria B2, B3
Area 30,000 ha
Altitude 700 - 2,549m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Saudi Wildlife Commission (Affiliate)



Site description A group of granitic mountains with at least 20 peaks over 2,000 m, rising from 700 m to a maximum of 2,549 m (Jabal Fayhan, the tallest mountain in northern Arabia and high enough to have snow in winter). There is some permanent running water and the rocky high mountain habitats are densely vegetated in places, with clear zoning. Retama raetam scrub dominates the wadis; trees include Pistacia, Ficus, Salix and (on the summit) some stunted Juniperus. Acacia trees/bushes are only found below 1,200 m. The area is remote and very sparsely populated.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus resident  1993  present  B2  Least Concern 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1993  present  B2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus resident  1993  present  B2  Endangered 
Hume's Owl Strix butleri resident  1985  present  B3  Least Concern 
Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii winter  1993  present  B3  Least Concern 
Pale Rosefinch Carpodacus synoicus resident  1993  common  B2  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   major
Shrubland   major
Rocky areas   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland minor

Other biodiversity Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Capra nubiana (I) and possibly Gazella gazella (V). Flora: the site is of high botanical interest; species include wild date palm Phoenix dactylifera, wild almond Prunus dulcis (only site in Arabia), wild tulip Tulipa biflora (one of two sites in Arabia).

Acknowledgements Data-sheets compiled by P. Symens and M. C. Jennings.

References Jennings (1989).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jabal al-Lawz. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/07/2014

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