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Location Saudi Arabia, Al Jawf
Central coordinates 37o 23.60' East  29o 43.20' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3
Area 1,220,000 ha
Altitude 900 - 1,400m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Saudi Wildlife Commission (Affiliate)

Site description This huge area is a raised platform of old, dark sandstone rising 300-400 m above the undulating sandy plain which surrounds it. The ramparts are extremely broken and rocky, precipitous in places, but the plateau is flat. There is no permanent water and, apart from a flush of ephemeral plant growth after rains, vegetation is limited to drought-resistant shrubs (e.g. Haloxylon) and grasses with a few stunted Acacia trees.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Other breeding species include Buteo rufinus, Aquila chrysaetos (probably 2-3 pairs), Cursorius cursor and Rhodopechys githaginea. This is one of the last areas in Arabia where Struthio camelus occurred and might be a possible reintroduction site.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Capra nubiana (I).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos resident  1993  10 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2  Endangered 
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha breeding  1993  uncommon  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 low not assessed medium

Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Not assessed  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
At-Tubayq Protected Area 1,220,000 protected area contains site 500,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert   major
Rocky areas   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
rangeland/pastureland minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by M. C. Jennings.

References Jennings (1992).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: At-Tubayq. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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