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Location Qatar, Ad Dawhah
Central coordinates 52o 15.00' East  25o 2.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3
Area 22 ha
Altitude 0 - 10m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Friends of the Environment Centre (Affiliate)

Site description An island 65 km due east of the mainland of Qatar, just less than 1-km long and c.500 m wide. A hill with crags, slopes and undulating sand with a good cover of salt-tolerant bushes.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Details of only two visits are known; breeding species in October 1973 included Phalacrocorax nigrogularis (old nests and mummified chicks found), Pandion haliaetus, Sterna bengalensis (traces of nesting) and Sterna repressa (traces of nesting). Phaethon aethereus may nest.

Non-bird biodiversity: Reptiles: Eretmochelys imbricata (E) nests, but numbers are reported to be very low.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis breeding  1972  abundant  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa breeding  1973  present  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium not assessed not assessed

Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   minor
Coastline   minor
Desert   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
not utilised major

Acknowledgements Information compiled by M. I. Evans.

References Gallagher et al. (1984), UNEP/IUCN (1988).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Shara'awh island. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife