|Location||Qatar, Ad Dawhah|
|Central coordinates||52o 15.00' East 25o 2.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B2, B3|
|Altitude||0 - 10m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description An island 65 km due east of the mainland of Qatar, just less than 1-km long and c.500 m wide. A hill with crags, slopes and undulating sand with a good cover of salt-tolerant bushes.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Details of only two visits are known; breeding species in October 1973 included Phalacrocorax nigrogularis (old nests and mummified chicks found), Pandion haliaetus, Sterna bengalensis (traces of nesting) and Sterna repressa (traces of nesting). Phaethon aethereus may nest.
Non-bird biodiversity: Reptiles: Eretmochelys imbricata (E) nests, but numbers are reported to be very low.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis||breeding||1972||abundant||-||A1, B2||Vulnerable|
|White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa||breeding||1973||present||-||B3||Least Concern|
|2013||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Invasive and other problematic species and genes||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species||likely in short term (within 4 years)||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Information compiled by M. I. Evans.
References Gallagher et al. (1984), UNEP/IUCN (1988).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Shara'awh island. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/03/2015
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife