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Location Qatar, Ad Dawhah
Central coordinates 51o 34.00' East  25o 21.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3
Area 65 ha
Altitude 0 - 5m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Friends of the Environment Centre (Affiliate)

Site description A small, low, rocky outcrop within 5 km of the northern outskirts of Doha, and 3 km offshore. Surface is loose, weathered limestone rock with uneven cover of salt-tolerant bushes (Zygophyllum, Limonium). A sand-spit extends south for about 2 km at low tide, and there are broad intertidal flats to the south and east, and coral reefs nearby. The island is occasionally visited by fishermen and authorized falcon-trappers.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Surveys in 1992 and 1993 found Phalacrocorax nigrogularis (350 pairs), Egretta gularis (17 pairs), and second-hand reports of Sterna bengalensis (75 pairs), S. repressa (see box) and S. anaethetus (50 pairs). None of these populations exceed the 1% population levels, but the figures for terns are probably underestimates.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis breeding  1990-1991  350 nests  poor  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa breeding  1992  25 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium not assessed not assessed

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   minor
Coastline Coral reefs; Rocky shores; Sand, shingle & pebble shores; Shallow marine waters; Subtidal aquatic beds  major
Desert   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture minor
other minor
Notes: Authorized falcon-trapping. Exploitation of seabird eggs may also be occurring.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Bob Nation.

References ABCS (1986), Planning Dept. (1992).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Al-Aliyah island. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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