|Location||Qatar, Ad Dawhah|
|Central coordinates||51o 34.00' East 25o 21.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B2, B3|
|Altitude||0 - 5m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description A small, low, rocky outcrop within 5 km of the northern outskirts of Doha, and 3 km offshore. Surface is loose, weathered limestone rock with uneven cover of salt-tolerant bushes (Zygophyllum, Limonium). A sand-spit extends south for about 2 km at low tide, and there are broad intertidal flats to the south and east, and coral reefs nearby. The island is occasionally visited by fishermen and authorized falcon-trappers.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Surveys in 1992 and 1993 found Phalacrocorax nigrogularis (350 pairs), Egretta gularis (17 pairs), and second-hand reports of Sterna bengalensis (75 pairs), S. repressa (see box) and S. anaethetus (50 pairs). None of these populations exceed the 1% population levels, but the figures for terns are probably underestimates.
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis||breeding||1990-1991||350 nests||poor||A1, B2||Vulnerable|
|White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa||breeding||1992||25 breeding pairs||poor||B3||Least Concern|
|2013||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Coastline||Coral reefs; Rocky shores; Sand, shingle & pebble shores; Shallow marine waters; Subtidal aquatic beds||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Authorized falcon-trapping. Exploitation of seabird eggs may also be occurring.|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Bob Nation.
References ABCS (1986), Planning Dept. (1992).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Al-Aliyah island. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2016
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