|Central coordinates||53o 20.00' East 16o 48.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B3|
|Altitude||0 - 1,100m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description The steep, south-facing slopes of the western sector of the Dhofar highlands, west of Salalah, ranging from sea-level up to 1,100 m elevation. High cliffs occur where the mountain meets the coast. The southern slopes receive the full impact of the moist, south-westerly winds of the summer monsoon, and are very verdant at this time. Dense deciduous woodland occurs at the base of the mountain, seasonal grasslands along the top, and a mixture in between on the slopes. The main land-use is cattle husbandry, and cultivation is very local. The rangeland is heavily used.
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. An interesting and diverse breeding community with many Afrotropical species, including Aquila verreauxii. Non-breeding Sula dactylatra roost on the coastal cliffs together with Phalacrocorax nigrogularis.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Genetta felina (rare), Panthera pardus (rare) and Capra nubiana (I). Flora: there are many rare and/or endemic species.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Arabian Partridge Alectoris melanocephala||resident||1993||frequent||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis||non-breeding||1993||common||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Rhynchostruthus socotranus||resident||1993||uncommon||-||B3||Not Recognised|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Information compiled by M. I. Evans.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jabal Qamar. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/07/2016
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