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Location Oman, Dhofar
Central coordinates 53o 20.00' East  16o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B3
Area 65,100 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,100m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description The steep, south-facing slopes of the western sector of the Dhofar highlands, west of Salalah, ranging from sea-level up to 1,100 m elevation. High cliffs occur where the mountain meets the coast. The southern slopes receive the full impact of the moist, south-westerly winds of the summer monsoon, and are very verdant at this time. Dense deciduous woodland occurs at the base of the mountain, seasonal grasslands along the top, and a mixture in between on the slopes. The main land-use is cattle husbandry, and cultivation is very local. The rangeland is heavily used.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. An interesting and diverse breeding community with many Afrotropical species, including Aquila verreauxii. Non-breeding Sula dactylatra roost on the coastal cliffs together with Phalacrocorax nigrogularis.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Genetta felina (rare), Panthera pardus (rare) and Capra nubiana (I). Flora: there are many rare and/or endemic species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Arabian Partridge Alectoris melanocephala resident  1993  frequent  B3  Least Concern 
Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis non-breeding  1993  common  A1  Vulnerable 
Rhynchostruthus socotranus resident  1993  uncommon  B3  Not Recognised 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   minor
Grassland   major
Coastline   minor
Shrubland   major
Sea   minor
Rocky areas   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major

Acknowledgements Information compiled by M. I. Evans.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Jabal Qamar. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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