|Central coordinates||53o 20.00' East 16o 48.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B3|
|Altitude||0 - 1,100m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See box for key species. An interesting and diverse breeding community with many Afrotropical species, including Aquila verreauxii. Non-breeding Sula dactylatra roost on the coastal cliffs together with Phalacrocorax nigrogularis.
Site description The steep, south-facing slopes of the western sector of the Dhofar highlands, west of Salalah, ranging from sea-level up to 1,100 m elevation. High cliffs occur where the mountain meets the coast. The southern slopes receive the full impact of the moist, south-westerly winds of the summer monsoon, and are very verdant at this time. Dense deciduous woodland occurs at the base of the mountain, seasonal grasslands along the top, and a mixture in between on the slopes. The main land-use is cattle husbandry, and cultivation is very local. The rangeland is heavily used.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Arabian Partridge Alectoris melanocephala||resident||1993||frequent [units unknown]||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis||non-breeding||1993||common [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Arabian Grosbeak Rhynchostruthus percivali||resident||1993||uncommon [units unknown]||-||B3||Near Threatened|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Genetta felina (rare), Panthera pardus (rare) and Capra nubiana (I). Flora: there are many rare and/or endemic species.
Management considerations The area comprises three proposed Nature Conservation Areas: the Dalkut National Nature Reserve (1,600 ha), the Wadi Nhart National Nature Reserve (5,500 ha) and the Jabal Qamar National Scenic Reserve (58,000 ha).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jabal Qamar. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/06/2013
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