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Location Oman, Dhofar
Central coordinates 54o 11.00' East  17o 1.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Area 150 ha
Altitude 0 - 10m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description A long (c.2 km), thin coastal lagoon by Salalah town, broadening inland and fed by substantial but variable freshwater inflow from Wadi Sahnut. A gravel road crosses the sandbar which separates the lagoon from the sea, though this is still sometimes breached. The water surface is partly open, with the margins mostly rocky and lined with dense Phragmites, Juncus and sedges, but also with some open, sandy, grassy banks. The east side is busy with sardine-drying activity, and the site is surrounded by developed or fenced land. The marginal vegetation is heavily browsed by camels.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. Other notable wintering species include Bubulcus ibis (64), Ardea cinerea (75), Circus aeruginosus (5) and Larus ridibundus (1,100). Other notable passage migrants include Aquila clanga (6, March), Pluvialis fulva (80, March) and Calidris alba (300, April). A total of 189 species has been recorded, including a very wide variety of waterbirds.

Non-bird biodiversity: Flora: at least three species on the Salalah coastal plain are endemic or near-endemic to Oman, and some may be present at this site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca passage  1993  16 individuals  medium  B1i, B2  Near Threatened 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris passage  1993  2 individuals  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis non-breeding  1993  2,000 individuals  medium  A1, A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus resident  1993  present  B2  Endangered 
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii non-breeding  1993  1,300 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i, B3  Least Concern 
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii passage  1993  600 individuals  medium  B1i  Least Concern 
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii non-breeding  1993  30 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea   major
Coastline   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland minor
fisheries/aquaculture major
urban/industrial/transport minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Simon Albrecht; summary bird data supplied by Oman Bird Records Committee (per Jens Eriksen).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Khawr ad Dahariz. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife