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Location Turkey, Mus
Central coordinates 42o 9.00' East  39o 11.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Area 33,310 ha
Altitude 1,460 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description The valley and flood-plains of the Murat river, which here is fast-flowing with islands and gravel spits. One island complex lies to the north of the town of Bulanýk, whilst another large vegetated island is situated to the west. To the north, the plain is bordered by hills; to the south of the river are large tracts of arable land and hay-meadows. Cattle graze on the flood-plain.

Key Biodiversity The site is important for breeding waterbirds and raptors. Otis tarda occurs regularly in significant numbers and is thought to breed in the surrounding area. The IBA is the best-known Turkish locality for Anthropoides virgo˜several pairs breed (max. 21 individuals).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus breeding  10 breeding pairs  A1  Least Concern 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  20-25 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  150-250 individuals  A1, B2  Vulnerable 
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo breeding  10-15 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  1-2 breeding pairs  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  2002  1,000-3,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius passage  1989  120-155 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Critically Endangered 
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni passage  2002  1,000 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Near Threatened 
Sterna nilotica breeding  2002  300 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, B2  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2015 very high very unfavourable negligible
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation  0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bulanik Ovasi UOSA Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 0 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  5%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Water fringe vegetation  65%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Ruderal land  30%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 20%
not utilised 80%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bulanık and Malazgirt Plains. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife