|Location||Oman, Al Wusta|
|Central coordinates||56o 30.00' East 19o 45.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, B2|
|Altitude||20 - 300m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See box for key species. A diverse assemblage of desert breeding birds, including Aquila chrysaetos, Chlamydotis undulata, Burhinus capensis, Pterocles coronatus, P. exustus, Tyto alba, Athene noctua, Eremopterix nigriceps, Eremalauda dunni, Ammomanes cincturus and Alaemon alaudipes.
Site description A limestone plateau with sandy depressions, sand/gravel plains, karst, sand-dunes, hills and escarpments, ranging from 20 to 200 m elevation. There are occasional trees and bushes of Acacia ehrenbergiana, Acacia tortilis and Prosopis cineraria, but the vegetation consists mainly of sparse, low shrubs and ephemeral grasses. The area is relatively well-vegetated, given the low average annual rainfall, due to regular condensation of fog moisture blowing in off the sea. Al Huqf is a low, discontinuous escarpment marking the boundary between the Jiddat al Harasis and the depression of sabkha and low hills which continues eastward to the coast; water seepages occur along it. Al Huqf is an important refuge for animals, permitting the penetration far northward of some species otherwise limited to Dhofar. The main land-use is nomadic pastoralism. There are major oilfields south-west of the area.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata||resident||1993||frequent [units unknown]||-||A1, A3, B2||Vulnerable|
|Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor||resident||1993||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus||resident||1993||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis||resident||1993||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes||resident||1993||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura||resident||1993||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Dunn's Lark Eremalauda dunni||resident||1993||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-crowned Sparrow-lark Eremopterix nigriceps||resident||1993||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti||resident||1993||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||100%|
Other biodiversity Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Caracal caracal (rare), Capra nubiana (I), Gazella gazella (V), G. subgutturosa (rare) and Oryx leucoryx (re-introduced). Reptiles: the endemic lizard Uromastyx thomasi occurs. Flora: several plants endemic to Oman are virtually restricted to this site.
Management considerations The White Oryx Project, based at Jaaluni since 1979, is operated by the Office of the Adviser for Conservation of the Environment of the Diwan of Royal Court. Oryx leucoryx has been successfully reintroduced at this site and is now breeding freely in the wild; the oryx are guarded by patrols of rangers recruited from the local people, which gives protection to bird populations. The area is a proposed National Nature Reserve and is part of the proposed natural World Heritage Site (see also sites 021 and 023).
Contribute Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.
Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jiddat al Harasis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2013
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife