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Location Oman, Muscat
Central coordinates 58o 30.00' East  23o 41.00' North
IBA criteria B2
Area 600 ha
Altitude 0 - 77m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Site description A rocky island, 77 m high, near Muscat. There is a navigation beacon on top.

Key Biodiversity See box for key species. An important site for breeding Falco concolor; other breeding species include Phaethon aethereus (8 pairs).

Non-bird biodiversity: The sea between the island and the mainland has a particularly high coral diversity and is included within the site's area. Mammals: unidentified baleen whales Balaenoptera are occasionally seen feeding around the island.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor breeding  1993  6-20 breeding pairs  good  B2  Near Threatened 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1993  1 breeding pairs  good  B2  Endangered 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline   minor
Desert   minor
Sea   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport minor

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Simon Albrecht.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Fahl Island. Downloaded from on 29/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife